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Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK




The Southeastern Anatolia Project (with its Turkish acronym GAP) is a major and comprehensive initiative, also giving a brand to Turkey in international arena, that aims at improving the income level and life quality of people living in the region , reducing regional disparities and contributing to country’s economic and social development by mobilizing and utilising the resources of the region.

At the very outset, the GAP was perceived as a programme to develop water and land resources in the region and planned as a package that comprised of 13 individual projects on irrigation and energy production on the Euphrates-Tigris basins. Altogether, these projects envisaged the construction of 22 dams, 19 hydraulic power plants (HPP) and irrigation networks for an area of approximately 1.8 million hectares. In the GAP Regional Plan, developed in 2002, the GAP Programme of the General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works (SHW) this area was stated as approximately 1.8 million hectares.Upon the development of Master Plan back in 1989, the GAP transformed into an integrated regional development project now also comprising infrastructure development in agriculture, industry, transportation, education, health and urban & rural facilities.

Parallel to worldwide developments taking place in the 90s, the Southeastern Anatolia Project adopted the philosophy of sustainable development and based its activities upon the principles of human development, participation, equity and social justice.

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